Yoga helps for mental peace and happiness
By Acarya Shubhacetanananda Avadhuta
Yoga originated thousands of years ago in India and developed by different Gurus, yoga masters and it spread all over the world. Yoga came from a Sanskrit word, which means to unite. The unification of unit consciousness with the Supreme Consciousness is yoga. For example, when one drop of water merges into the ocean of water it becomes one. Similarly, when one’s unite I merges with supreme I it becomes one.
Human beings have unlimited desires that can be achieved from unlimited objects. Supreme consciousness is unlimited and form of Ananda, bliss. By practicing yoga people can do their duties efficiently.
There are several benefits of regular practice of yoga. It helps students to increase mental power for more effective study. It increases health, longevity and resistance to sickness. People can attain inner happiness and a stress-free environment through regular practice of yoga. People restore emotional harmony. Those students who practice yoga they tap into their inner mental potential for increased creativity, and a problem-solving capacity.
There are several types of yoga, such as Jinana, Karma, Bhakti, Raja, Hatha, Rajadhiraja and Ashtanga. Ashtanga Yoga has eight limbs of yoga. The eight parts are, Yama, Niyama, Asanas, Pranayam, Prtyahar, Dharna, Dhyan and Samadhi. 瑜伽有許多派別，例如知識瑜伽、行動瑜伽、虔誠瑜伽、勝王瑜伽、哈達瑜伽、王者之王瑜伽、八肢瑜伽等。八肢瑜伽共以八個層面，分別是外在行為控制、內在行為控制、體位法、生命能控制、收攝、集中、禪定和三摩地。
As people think so they become. If people think to become doctors they become doctors. Yoga helps a person to realize who are they. People believe that Yoga means only asanas, physical positions or meditation. It is combination of everything. Reading spiritual books or scriptures, practicing asanas and service help people in meditation. Many researchers found that yoga is beneficial to cure many physical and mental diseases, such as, high blood pressure, diabetes, anxiety and depression.
1.What is the definition of Asanas?
According to Patanjali, “Sthirasukham A’sanam. Asanas are calm, quite and easy postures, which are practiced with proper breathing. While practicing asanas people enjoy physical comfort and mental composure. The routine practice of ásanas maintains the body healthy and cures several ailments. According to Yoga Psychology of Shrii Shrii Anandamurti, “Yoga positions control the glands, the glands control the secretion of hormones, and the secretion of hormones controls the propensities.” There are fifty main propensities of mind, such as anger, fear, hatred and shyness.
一、體位法的定義 Patanjali認為Sthirasukham A’sanam，亦即體位法為平和、安靜、輕鬆的姿態，搭配適當的呼吸來練習。練習體位法時，人們會享受到生理的舒適和心理的安定。規律練習體位法能保持身體健康並治療多種疾病。根據Shrii Shrii Anandamurti所著的《瑜伽心理學》：「瑜伽姿勢控制腺體，腺體控制賀爾蒙分泌，賀爾蒙分泌控制心理傾向。」人類主要的心理傾向共有五十種，例如憤怒、恐懼、憎惡、害羞等。
2.How many types of asanas are there?
Svasthyasana and dhyanasan are the two types of asanas. The first one is good for body and the second one is good for mind.
3.Why people should practice yoga asanas?
People should practice asanas to increase flexibility of the body. It balances hormonal secretions to control the vrttis, propensities of mind. It also helps to balance body and mind. Asanas prepares the mind for higher sadhana, meditation.
4.How asanas are named?
Yogis saw the movements and charactersitics of animals and named after those animals. For example, Bhujangasana (snake posture), Matsyamudra (fish posture) and Mayurasana (peacock posture).
Some asanas are named after yogi, such as Matsyendrasana was invented by Matsyendranath. Sarvangasana, shoulder stand is named because of its quality.
四、體位法如何命名？ 瑜伽士觀察動物的運動和特徵，並根據這些動物命名，例如蛇式、魚式、孔雀式等。 某些體位法是以發明者命名，例如Matsyendrasana乃是由Matsyendranath發明。此外，肩立式乃是根據其姿態特性來命名。
5.What is pratyáhára?
Withdrawing mind from external objectivities and directing it toward supreme consciousness is called Pratyahar.
6.What is Pranayama?
Pranayama is breath control. The controller of sensory organs and motor organs are mind and the controller of mind is air. Pranayama helps in meditation and concentration.
Dharana is concentrating one’s mind on a particular region and taking the ideation of supreme consciousness. Chakra Shodhana helps to purify chakras. Dhyana is constant flow of mind towards the supreme goal. Merging unit consciousness with supreme consciousness is Samadhi.
Yoga is a scientific technic to get inner peace and happiness. Yoga controls anger, fear, hatred and other emotions. It helps to concentrate mind and study well.
It is said, “If wealth is lost nothing is lost, health is lost something is lost and character is lost everything is lost. People should try to be healthy, happy and wise person to serve society. Yogis believe in universalism. People should always try to be good and do good to others. People should see the bright side of everything. Yoga will help to bring happiness and peace in the world. A peaceful and happy person can give happiness and peacefulness to other people in the world. By learning and practicing yoga from an Acharya, trained yoga spiritual teacher.
Ananda Marga Acaryas, spiritual teachers teach Rajadhiraja Yoga, the eight limbs of yoga. People can visit www.rajadhirajayoga.org to know about yoga classes.